Wiring a 110V Electrical Outlet
Wiring a 110V electrical outlet is a do-it-yourself task that can be completed by anyone with common tools. Modern homes all have 3-plug outlets that are comprised of a hot side, a neutral side and a ground wire. Older homes have 2-plug outlets that do not have a ground wire but are wired with the hot and the neutral in the same way.
1.Turn off the power to the outlet on the breaker panel. Check the outlet by inserting the probes on a voltage tester into the outlet plugs. If there is no power, the tester will not light up. This doesn’t mean that power has been cut off to the outlet because the outlet may be bad.
2.Remove the center screw from the outlet cover and take the cover off. At this point, you will be able to see the wires that attach directly to the outlet. Test the wires directly with the voltage tester. If the tester lights up, throw the main breaker on your panel to the “off” position. Test the wires directly again. If the tester still lights up, stop what you are doing and call in a certified electrician to determine the problem with your wiring.
3.Remove the outlet receptacle holding screws with a screwdriver when you’re assured that the power is off. There will be one screw at the top and one at the bottom. Pull the outlet out of the receptacle box.
4.Remove the wires from the outlet by unscrewing the terminal screws and pulling the wires free.
5.Attach the wires onto the terminals on the new outlet. If one of the wires has broken, strip the plastic sheathing off by cutting it about 1/2 inch down from the end with a utility knife, making a complete cut around the wire. Pull the sheathing off and expose the bare wire. Make little hooks on the ends of the wires and wrap them around the electrical terminals. The black hot wire goes to the gold terminal, the white neutral wire goes to the silver terminal and the green or bare copper ground wire goes to the green colored terminal. Tighten down the terminal screws firmly.
6.Replace the outlet into the junction box and screw it down tightly. Attach the cover and test.
Things You Will Need
- Voltage tester
- Utility knife
- If the outlet cover has been painted over, neatly cut around the edges with a utility knife to free it from the wall.